Emergency services were called to a Carramar home following reports of a domestic violence incident about 1.40pm yesterday.
The man allegedly became physically aggressive toward a woman, pushing her head against a cupboard before pouring a flammable liquid over her body.
Police will allege the man attempted to light the woman on fire.
The woman was taken to hospital to be treated.
A 46-year-old man was arrested at Fairfield Police Station about 10pm yesterday.
He was charged with attempted murder.
The 46-year-old was refused bail and will appear at Parramatta Bail Court today.